Civil Rights Act of 1957

In 1957, President Eisenhower sent Congress a proposal for civil rights legislation. The result was the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. The new act established the Civil Rights Section of the Justice Department and empowered federal prosecutors to obtain court injunctions against interference with the right to vote. It also established a federal Civil Rights Commission with authority to investigate discriminatory conditions and recommend corrective measures. The final act was weakened by Congress due to lack of support among the Democrats.
  1. Documents
  2. Photographs
  3. Additional Information
Cabinet Paper - the Civil Rights Program - Letter and Statement by the Attorney General, April 10, 1956 (PDF) [19 Pages] [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12090725]

Press Release, Statement of the Attorney General on the Proposed Civil Rights Legislation Before the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee, February 14, 1957 (PDF) [22 Pages] [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12167080]

Fact Paper - the Administration and Civil Rights Legislation, March 27, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12167051]

Memorandum, E. Frederic Morrow to Sherman Adams, July 12, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12167063]

Letter, Val Washington (Rnc) to DDE, July 18, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12023121]

Press Release, Republican National Committee, August 7, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12023122]

Letter, William P. Rogers to Joseph P. Martin, August 9, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12090722]

Press Release by Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, August 30, 1957 (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12167069]

Civil Rights Act of 1957 (PDF) [Record Officer Reports to President on Pending Legislation, Box 111, Civil Rights Hr 6127; NAID Number 12171136]

Report, Executive Branch Cooperation With the Commission on Civil Rights, February 27, 1959 (PDF) (Outlines the Commission's Authority, Duties, Responsibilities and Actions) [19 Pages] [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 10, Civil Rights Commission; NAID Number 12171139]

Pamphlet, the Commission on Civil Rights (PDF) [E. Frederic Morrow Records, Box 9, Civil Rights Bill; NAID Number 12167074]